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Jarvis Restoration Blog

Understanding Water Damage


Today, we want to shed some light on a crucial topic for every homeowner: water damage. Water damage is a pervasive issue that can strike when least expected, and it can cause expensive and lasting damage. Understanding the types of water damage and their common causes can help you respond quickly and minimize the impact on your home.

Types of Water Damage

Water damage is classified into three categories based on the source and contamination level: clean water, gray water, and black water. Each type poses unique challenges and risks.

Clean Water

Clean water damage is the least severe and comes from a source that poses no immediate health risks. Examples include broken water supply lines, tub or sink overflows, and rainwater. While clean water is less hazardous, it’s essential to address it quickly to stop it from turning into gray or black water as it stagnates and becomes contaminated.

Gray Water

Gray water contains some level of contaminants and can cause illness if ingested. It often comes from sources such as dishwashers, washing machines, and toilet overflow (with no feces). Gray water requires more stringent cleanup procedures, including thorough disinfection to prevent bacterial growth and other health hazards.

Black Water

Black water is the most dangerous type of water damage and includes highly contaminated water from sewage backups, flooding from rivers or streams, and any water that has come into contact with fecal matter. Black water poses significant health risks and requires immediate professional intervention to safely remove and sanitize affected areas.

Common Causes of Water Damage

Understanding the common causes of water damage can help you take preventive measures and respond quickly when issues arise. Here are the most frequent culprits:


Leaks are one of the most common causes of water damage and can stem from various sources, including:

  • Plumbing issues: Burst pipes, leaking faucets, and faulty plumbing connections can cause significant water damage. Regular maintenance and inspections can help prevent these issues.
  • Appliance malfunctions: Water heaters, washing machines, and dishwashers can develop leaks due to wear and tear or faulty components. 
  • Roof leaks: Damaged or aging roofs can allow water to seep into your home, especially during heavy rain. Inspecting your roof and repairing any damage promptly can prevent leaks.


Flooding is a severe cause of water damage and can result from natural events or man-made issues:

  • Natural disasters: We’ve experienced heavy rains recently in Orange County, which can cause extensive flooding, leading to widespread water damage. 
  • Drainage problems: Poorly designed or clogged drainage systems can lead to local flooding. Ensuring your property’s drainage system is clear and functioning correctly is essential to preventing this.


Storms bring a combination of heavy rain, strong winds, and sometimes hail, all of which can contribute to water damage:

  • Wind damage: High winds can damage roofs, windows, and siding, allowing water to enter your home. Regularly inspecting and reinforcing these areas can help minimize storm damage.
  • Rainwater intrusion: Heavy rain can overwhelm your home’s defenses, particularly if there are existing vulnerabilities like cracks in the foundation or poorly sealed windows and doors.

Rely on Jarvis Restoration When You Have Water Damage

At Jarvis Restoration, we’re here to help you navigate through any water damage crisis, providing expert care and water damage restoration in Orange County to bring your home back to its original condition. If you have any concerns or need assistance, don’t hesitate to contact us. Your home’s safety and well-being are our top priority.

For comprehensive home restoration services you can rely on, contact Jarvis Restoration today! 

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